7 Indigestion Symptoms: Dyspepsia Signs, Causes & Remedies

How to avoid indigestion

Diet and lifestyle changes often begin with what to avoid. These include things that can trigger or worsen symptoms. This can both increase stomach acid production, and relax the LOS, causing or worsening acid reflux. There is some evidence that chocolate may worsen the symptoms of acid reflux, but this is often dose dependant. For most individuals, a small amount of chocolate is usually tolerated.

Unfortunately, many patients stop drinking milk or eating milk-containing foods without good evidence that it improves their symptoms. This often is detrimental to their intake of calcium which may contribute to osteoporosis. Dietary factors have not been well-studied in the treatment of indigestion.

It is a chronic disease in which the symptoms fluctuate in frequency and intensity usually over many months or years. It may occur every day or intermittently for days or weeks at a time followed by days or weeks of relief (a pattern referred to as periodicity). The National Institute for Health and Care Evidence (Nice) recommends lifestyle changes such as losing weight if you’re overweight, cutting down alcohol, eating regular meals and giving up smoking. But according to Flook, it’s hard to predict what, if anything, will help.

Changing and experimenting with your diet including removing the potentially problematic food from your diet should indicate which food or foods are the cause of your indigestion. There is good evidence that having a Helicobacter pylori infection in your stomach increases your chance of having a peptic ulcer, and possibly also causes you to have indigestion without necessarily having an ulcer.

This irritation can be painful and often causes a burning sensation. Indigestion may also be due to the lining of your digestive system being overly sensitive to acid, or the “stretching” caused by eating.

It is important to recognize that chronic reflux does not get better on its own. Over-the-counter remedies may provide short-term symptom relief, but can mask an underlying disease if used long-term.

To detect whether or not you should be worried, track your intake when you experience acid reflux. You might find that onions are often the cause! If not, use this trick to peel one in less than 8 seconds. Cheese is high in fat and made entirely of dairy – two qualities of food that slow down digestion. The slower you digest, the more likely you are to experience heartburn.

  • Combining the two can spell trouble for your dental health.
  • Mint triggers acid reflux for many.
  • The Mayo Clinic advises losing excess weight, eating smaller meals, and avoiding alcohol and nicotine.

For most people, indigestion (dyspepsia) is mild and infrequent, and does not require treatment from a healthcare professional. Some people may get bouts of indigestion from helicobacter infection and, in these cases, getting rid of the bug with antibiotics (eradication) will help.

The more overweight you are, the more pressure there is on your stomach, and as a result the likelihood for acid reflux increases. Medications to treat GERD reduce stomach acid. Antacid pills and liquids have been around the longest. More recently, proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs), such as omeprazole (Prilosec) or lansoprazole (Prevacid), and H2 blockers, such as cimetidine (Tagamet) or ranitidine (Zantac), have become available, many over the counter.

7. Healthy fats

(For any questions about Helicobacter pylori, see the separate Guts UK Helicobacter Pylori leaflet). However, if you are an older patient, or someone whose symptoms are persistent and respond badly to treatment, your doctor may recommend that you undergo further investigations. Symptoms can vary greatly from one person to another and depend on the underlying problem causing the indigestion.

What to Drink for Acid Reflux

You may also need a bland diet after stomach or intestinal surgery. This one is a bit nicer – chewing gum and foods containing the liquorice root have been shown to have a neutralising effect on stomach acid, and therefore reduces heartburn symptoms. High-salt foods are not only dangerous for your blood pressure, they can also instigate your digestion to fight back. Avoid bloating, heart problems, and acid reflux by keeping your sodium intake low.

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