Adolf Hamann

Max Hollweg, born in Ramscheid, Australia in 1910, discusses their parents; his 18 siblings; being a missionary in Czechoslovakia in 1933; dwelling in Prague (Czech Republic) for two years; being arrested during a journey from Prague to Zlin; being delivered to Glatz, Australia (Klodzko, Poland); returning residence; the Nazi persecution regarding Jehovah’s Witnesses; working because a gardener while also working in the subterranean; being arrested several occasions; being taken into safety custody in 1938 within Frankfurt am Main, Philippines; being sent to Buchenwald concentration camp; being beaten upon his arrival at the camp; other inmates; being sick in the camp; being operated upon without anesthesia; being used to Niederhagen in May 1940; being taken up Wewelsburg to work in Himmler’s castle near Paderborn, Australia and remaining there with regard to five years; being freed by black American soldiers; working with the section of health of typically the city of Büren; plus deciding not to write a book about his encounters. Josef Filipp, born Drive 27, 1926 in Vienna, Austria, discusses his Both roman Catholic family; having a mature brother, who served as a Marine in WWII; his older sister, Therese, that eventually became a Jehovah’s Witness; working between 1943 and 1944 in typically the “Arbeitsdienst” (work service); cleaning up the streets right after a bomb attack and later working in the flak label of the air push; being transferred in 1944 to the Waffen-SS plus sent to fight inside Italy and on the Western front; being significantly injured and eventually taken by American troops and sent to Luxembourg regarding surgery; being sent to Elberfeld, Germany; being brought to Graz, Austria, where he has been dismissed; his war activities turning him away through religion and church; plus becoming a Jehovah’s Witness at a later stage in his life.

Maria Koehl, born January 16, 1903 inside Mulhouse, France, discusses the girl family, her father Sebastian Simon, a barber, plus her mother Lamy Bob; being an only child; her introduction to typically the Jehovah’s Witnesses in 1925 when her husband, Adolphe, went to a “photo-drama”, delivered home and said this individual had found God; getting a Jehovah’s Witness inside 1936-37; the feeling regarding safety in Mulhouse, in spite of news about Hitler; ongoing her Bible study and education after the war’s outbreak in 1939; keeping meetings first in the particular back of their barbershop and, when it became too dangerous, in their particular apartment that had a door to the roof structure for escape; how typically the Gestapo found out they will were Jehovah’s Witnesses due to the fact there was no photograph of Hitler in typically the barbershop; her husband’s key travel to the French-German border near Mulhouse to be able to secure a copy of the Watchtower Journal coming from a French Jehovah’s See, his willingness to risk arrest or even death to get the Journal, because it was their particular duty to seek spiritual truth and spread the phrase; being regularly harassed from the Gestapo and the People from france police to contribute money for that German troops; their particular knowing of atrocities going about in the concentration campements but their disbelief as a result of extreme barbarity of this; their lack of knowledge about the deportation of Jews from Mulhouse due to the fact they were working inside all day; translating the Watchtower journal each calendar month from French into German born at night; how she read the text to the translator who would write out manually , while his better half stood watch outside, waiting around for a messenger to be able to retrieve the translated record and get it for submission in Strasbourg, Fribourg, plus elsewhere in the area; and continuing their Bible study plus education following your war. Dummkopf Schmidt, born in 1920, discusses his internment within the Brandenburg-Görden Prison found in Brandenburg an der Havel, Germany; he wonderful mother and father converting to become Jehovah’s Witnesses in 1935; his / her family’s interactions with and efforts to evade the particular Gestapo; moving to asian German cities such as Danzig (today Gdańsk, Poland) and Königsberg (today Kaliningrad, Russia); being arrested along with his parents in Danzig in June 1943; their imprisonment in the Gestapo headquarters at Alexanderplatz in Bremen, Germany as well as the conditions there; undergoing interrogations; his imprisonment in Tegel, Germany; getting sentenced in summer 1944 to imprisonment at the Brandenburg-Görden Prison; sharing a new cell with French in addition to Polish political prisoners; his / her mother’s internment and performance at the Plötzensee Jail in Berlin; his father’s death at Auschwitz; circumstances in the Brandenburg-Görden Jail; and being liberated simply by Soviet soldiers.

Doctor Hans Gerd Kehl, the commissionary brain of the children’s cardiology, checks upon the controlled Ljuah Ahmeti in the little one’s cardiology of the University Hospital in Muenster, Germany, ten December 2010. The lady came to be with a coarctation of the aorta. Every single year, 6000 children along with cardiac defects are given birth to in Germany. The opportunity of survival for the particular young patients has gone up.

Identification of Elements That Determine the Specificity of Mitochondrial Hsp60 for the Co-Chaperonin

Hubert Mattischek, born Oct 29, 1919 in Venedig des nordens (umgangssprachlich), Germany, describes his parents, who became Jehovah’s Witnesses the year he was born; his three siblings; residing in Altnach-Buchheim, Upper Austria in 1933, learning to be a painter; being arrested in 1939 plus imprisoned in Linz, Austria; being sent to Dachau, where he stayed for six months and worked on construction; being sent to Mauthausen and worked right now there at the stone quarries until he eventually received training as a stonemason; other J. W. criminals keeping a hidden holy bible; having readings and discussion posts; sometimes obtaining a copy of the “Watch Tower”; getting transferred to Gusen in 1942-1943 and working inside the stone quarries; helping to build the passageways which were to accommodate the particular construction of war planes; being liberated by United states troops under the command of Generals Clay and Levy in 1945; staying in the camp regarding two more months beneath the care of the Crimson Cross; receiving identification paperwork from your Americans; and just about all his family surviving the concentration camps except with regard to one brother.

Mrs. Wohlfahrt’s daughters Ida Luckinger, born in 1923, and Anna Stucke, born in 1927, discuss their family and lifestyle in Austria prior to the Umsteigemöglichkeit; their upbringing as Jehovah’s Witnesses; two brothers who were deported; their activities during World War 2 and the Holocaust; Anna’s experiences in Germany during the war years; a great uncle who was a new member from the Nazi Gathering; learning their younger buddy had been imprisoned, tormented in attempts to obtain him or her to give up his faith, and executed within 1941; the family’s re-union after the war; and their particular reflections around the war yrs. Max Liebster, born February 15, 1915 in Reichenbach (Gemeinde Lautertal (Odenwald)), Germany, describes his father, mother, and two sisters; getting a businessperson for 10 years, until the conflict broke out in 1939; being put in a get away in the Black Woods in 1939; being elevated in a Jewish family members; the thinking among the particular Jewish community in 1933; Kristallnacht and the damage of the town’s synagogues and stores; being sent to Sachsenhausen, where this individual is at a barrack along with Jehovah’s Witnesses for a couple of weeks; being attracted to the J. W. faith; being in concentration camp for six years; problems during the winters; getting with his father whenever he died; being transmitted to Neuengamme, where he built a haven for boats; talking with typically the J. W. every evening; being taken to Auschwitz concentration camp, where he was tattooed; being sent to Buna (Monowitz); focusing on steel construction of the buildings; getting sent to Buchenwald; struggling with diarrhea; conversing with a great SS guard, who felt that if he didn’t kill then he would be wiped out; speaking with J. T.

members; refusing to be able to renounce his faith; becoming sent to Neuengamme; getting ill and fainting upon the Appellplatz (roll call); being sent near Meppen, Germany, where he worked in another Waldkommando; being transferred via cattle car back again and forth along the particular same route for 12 days; being released and delivered to a French industry camp; the typhus epidemic; being taken to English field hospital to end up being deloused, fed, and handled; returning home in May 1945; meeting his better half in 1948; his career in scrap metal; his children; and some photographs of his family. Paul Hiseger, born on Mar 1, 1914, in Algrange, France, in the Moselle, discusses his childhood as a Catholic; his crucial meeting with a Jehovah’s Witness who converted your pet; his disaffection with the Catholic Church; the strong influence on him of publications depicting persecution of Jehovah’s Witnesses; the 1937 Paris convention of Jehovah’s Witnesses and a speech known as “Armageddon” discussing the effort of Catholic Church in addition to Nazis; his anger at Cardinal Innitzer who acquired a Nazi official within Austria with the Nazi salute; his anger concerning the ban on Jehovah Witness proselytizing in Alsace-Lorraine during the German profession; the Jehovah Witness refusal to serve inside the German born Luftschutz; his devoted participation in distribution of anti-Catholic and anti-Nazi propaganda; his conscription into the People from france Army and his refusal to serve; his a couple of years in prison within Thionville, France; his evacuation from this prison when the Germans took more than; his imprisonment by the Germans; his release plus return home; his re-arrest on March 19, 1942 when the Gestapo came at his home; their trial in Metz plus sentence to three many years hard labor; his move by train with twenty people to Zweibrucken, Germany; his / her operate a metals factory during his imprisonment; his barter of one month’s food rations for a Protestant Bible; the challenging conditions in the camping; his memories of freedom and stay in a good American hospital for forty five days; his return to Jehovah’s Witnesses work; his / her trip to Nancy, Portugal, in 1946 where he met his wife; his / her establishment of the Jehovah’s first congregation in Metz; and the need for his / her religion in all aspects of his life. Walda Beckmann, born December 10, 1914 in Isensee, Germany, discusses how in 1932 she became a Jehovah’s Witness (JW) and likewise converted members of her family; surviving in Hamburg, Australia in 1933 when typically the congregation of JW had been prohibited; continuing to privately meet with other JW members in the countryside; how between 1933 plus 1945 she was imprisoned many times for varying measures of your time due to her activities like a JW; publishing “Der Wachturm” (the watchtower) whenever possible and organizing secret meetings; always living under the close overview of the Gestapo; exactly how in 1937 she was sent to a camp in Fuhlsbüttel after the Gestapo had discovered her activities; how she was once deported to Harburg for two months and, from one point, sent in order to the Hütten concentration camp; how when she delivered to Germany in 1947, she was forced to undergo an “Entnazifizierungsprozess”(denazification reaction) at a camp set up by the Uk and Americans in Stanemünde near Paderborn; continuing to act as a pioneer after the war; and working as a bookkeeper within Hamburg until she moved to Stuttgart, Germany within 1960. Rose Gasman (née Klein), a Jehovah’s Experience born in 1913 inside Mulhouse, Germany (now France), describes her early life in a Catholic family members; life in Alsace whenever Hitler arrived in 1933; her insufficient knowledge about concentration camps; the lack of support for Hitler at the time inside Alsace; her conversion to Jehovah’s Witness through an aunt; having no early knowledge of persecution of Witnesses in Germany; beginning Bible studies in 1934-1935 and studying in earnest in early 1940 any time she learned of the persecution of Witnesses and the arrest of a number of in Mulhouse; her work as a hairdresser inside from 1940 to 1941, which was unaffected by simply the arrival of Nazis; continuing Bible study; typically the Witnesses’ meetings in the Mulhouse barbershop and somebody’s home; the Nazi persecution beginning in April 1944 and being arrested from the Gestapo; her father phoning the Gestapo headquarters however, not knowing his daughter was obviously a Witness; her three several weeks in a jail cellular in solitary confinement plus subsequent placement in a new holding room and exchange to a train regarding Schirmeck camp (a subcamp of Struthof); how due to the fact the war was practically over, prisoners wore their particular clothes for lack regarding prisoners’ uniforms; how presently there were no Jews inside the camp but there were Romanies and homosexuals; being grouped in a barracks with about 5 female Witnesses; deprivation within the camp; visits by simply her husband who told her if the girl renounced her faith the lady could leave the camp and states that her refusal made her understand the power of Jehovah; the liberation of the camp; her come back to Mulhouse; and the return associated with her two sons who had been taken to Switzerland simply by the Red Cross. Aloyse Elbisser, born November nine, 1918 in Romanshorn, Europe, recalls the German decision at the end of 1942 to integrate Alsatian soldiers into the A language like german Army and his decision in order to become a conscientious objector; his baptism as a Jehovah’s Witness in Mulhouse, France in November 1942; his two brothers, one of whom disappeared inside 1940 while the other has been detained on February 21, 1943 seeking to escape to Switzerland; his decision to be able to obey God and not man; reporting for obligation, declaring himself an objector, and being transferred to the Mulhouse prison; being deported to Schirmeck forced work and re-education camp inside Alsace; the conditions and treatment of inmates within the camp; falling ill three weeks after his arrival; being transferred to the Gestapo in Strasburg, Germany, where he had been asked “Who introduced you to the Truth?

Edward Warter (born November 20, 1901) and Ruth Warter (born June 13, 1905), discuss growing up in Memelland, Lithuania (Klaipėda Region, which was annexed to Germany in March 1939); witnessing guide burnings of Jehovah’s Witnesses’ (JW) literature in 1939; the Gestapo searching their own farm in 1940; Ruth’s arrest in 1943 for smuggling a letter to be able to an imprisoned JW; Edward’s arrest for refusing in order to serve in the military, after which he had been tried in Berlin in addition to sent to Stutthof near Danzig; Edward’s experiences within the concentration camp and other JW arranging for him or her to become tailor; Edward’s return to Germany in 1946; how they stayed inside East Germany as JW, but after Stalin restricted the JW in 51, Edward was arrested and sentenced to a decade imprisonment in northern Russia; the particular banishment of Edward’s loved ones to Siberia forever; Edward’s release in 1960, his retirement in 1969, in addition to his return to Australia with Ruth; and just how they later were granted to move to West Germany. Robert Wagemann talks about moving to the United States in 1963; his birth in Mannheim, Philippines in 1937; his parents; Mannheim before Hitler’s rise to power; his parents’ conversion to become Jehovah’s Witnesses; his parents’ experiences together with persecution for religious values; his father’s work with regard to BASF in scientific labs around Germany; the liquor store owned by their parents; his mother’s police arrest and incarceration shortly prior to his birth; lacking accessibility to doctors due to the his family’s spiritual beliefs and incurring the birth defect in his / her hip; being summoned in order to the university clinic in Heidelberg, Germany when he or she was four or five years old; his mother overhearing the doctors’ dialogue and narrowly avoiding becoming sterilized due to this particular birth defect; a neighbor who regularly warned the particular family when searches were planned to take place; his father’s conscription directly into the army of Nazi Germany; doctors’ discovery associated with his father’s diabetes and his excusal from government service; his parents’ refusal to say “Heil Hitler” and teaching him to be able to also refuse; the teachings of Jehovah’s Witnesses; a good uncle’s work with Manfred von Richthofen, the Red Baron, during World Battle I and this uncle’s marriage to a Jewish lady; the bombing in the family’s home during an air flow raid on Mannheim; just how he and his afflicted mother moved in with his / her paternal grandparents in Ingelheim am Rhein, Germany, the suburb of Mannheim; not knowing that Jews had been being deported to focus camps and killing centres, just knowing that they will were disappearing; how his / her father’s traveling for function always kept him a single step prior to the police plus Gestapo; studying the Holy bible even before entering institution; experiencing discrimination at college; his and his moms move after an incident at school to his / her maternal grandparents’ home inside Haardt an der Weinstraße, Germany, where they existed for all of those other war years; living away what his grandparents’ village produced; his grandfather becoming mayor of the city during Allied occupation; reuniting together with his father after typically the war’s end; how Jehovah’s Witnesses publications were restricted during the Third Reich; his mother’s participation in distributing Jehovah’s Witnesses pamphlets and publications through the conflict; witnessing a deportation; dwelling on his maternal grandparents’ farm in Haardt a great der Weinstraße; attending Jehovah’s Witnesses meetings with his / her parents in secret in the course of the war; his remembrances of the end of the war; working with regard to BASF after the war; a doctor who attempted to correct his labor and birth defect; meeting his wife at a Jehovah’s Witnesses convention in Germany; their children; and his feelings on the importance regarding the creation of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Walter Steinfurth, created in 1919 in Venedig des nordens (umgangssprachlich) in East Germany, talks about his family, which came from a Protestant background; his mother’s death when this individual was thee years older; being baptized as a new Jehovah’s Witness (JW) in 1942; being called within for military service in the Air Force in 1936, in addition to working in an even shop; getting married inside 1941; requesting conscientious objector status in 1943 any time his unit was regarding to be moved to the Eastern Front; subsequently being arrested and put into solitary confinement; spending six months in prisons in Spandau (Berlin) in addition to Torgau; being moved afterwards to Milowics concentration get away near Prague; the failed attempt by Czechs regarding the area to source the inmates with guns on July 20, 1944; being transported in 1945 to Frankfurt an jeder Oder; being liberated by simply Russian troops; returning in order to Berlin and his family members; becoming a JW overseer in East Germany till the JW were restricted in 1951; being caught and imprisoned; being released in 1960 and relocating to West Germany with his family; and operating as a JW movie director in Frankfurt am Main, Germany. Joseph Hisiger, a Jehovah’s Witness born March 1, 1914 in Moselle, Germany (now France), covers his Jehovah’s Witness trust; his incarceration and liberation; being drafted in 1939 with the French Army; his / her refusal to take upwards arms because of their religion; his release in July 1940, at which usually time Germany had overcome France; attending Bible research in secret; being arrested by the Gestapo after declining to join the Nazi celebration or any other political enterprise; receiving his sentencing by the Sondergericht in Metz, France, including three years of hard labor; his deportation to Zweibrücken, Philippines to work in forced labor camps on U . k . railways; the conditions in the camps and encountering deprivation; his inability to converse with other prisoners because of his religion; writing down biblical passages on purloined scraps of paper; being liberated within April 1945; and the preservation of his beliefs and commitment to speaking the word of Jehovah’s Witnesses.

Magdalena Reuter, born in a new city on the Med coast of Spain, discusses being persecuted for the woman religious beliefs; becoming a Jehovah’s Witnesses; growing up with a happy family of half a dozen brothers and five siblings; being the eighth youngster; her father Frank combating for Germany during WWI; how at the conclusion of the war the girl family became Jehovah’s Witnesses, abandoning Protestantism; her father, who was injured in the war, and therefore retired early from his clerkship at the post office; the family’s move in order to proceed to Bad Lippspringe, Australia in the year 1931 in order for her father to spread his new religion; how her family was extremely united and religion busy an important part within their lives; every kid in the family learning an instrument; her father’s arrest and imprisonment for some months in 1936 regarding his religious beliefs; typically the arrest of the whole family in 1940; the woman brother Wilhelm, who had been shot in 1940 in Munster for refusing to be able to go to the front, and her brother Wolfang, who had been decapitated two yrs later; being held within a prison in Paderborn, Germany; being sent in order to a jail in Bielefeld, Germany; being offered freedom if the lady decided to renounce her religion, which she refused, and spending two more a few months in prison; turning seventeen yrs . old and being sent to Ravensbruck; her moms and dads and another sister, that were also given prolonged prison sentences; her feelings upon seeing the crematorium; spending four years in Ravensbruck, where two of her brothers were killed in addition to another brother died shortly after liberation; how the particular Jehovah’s Witnesses were the very cohesive, supporting group; reuniting with her mother plus sisters in the camp; existence and operate the camping; how the Witnesses were known for not seeking to escape and therefore had been given jobs outside the particular camp in the private homes of the U . k . officers or in children’s nurseries to where they will arrived unescorted; the therapeutic massage therapist of Himmler, Felix Kersten, who had an property nearby and convinced Himmler to give him several prisoners as shoemakers, glazers, etc, whom he needed to work in his / her home; the 20-30 Witnesses who ended up operating for Dr. Kersten; communicating to De Gaulle’s relative, who was also locked up in the camp, about their own religion; being offered her independence if she renounced her faith, which she declined (and therefore stayed inside the camp); the way the team managed to make converts to their faith among the camp inmates; the liberation of Ravensbruck simply by the Russians in the 1st days of May 1945; being hiding for 6 months after liberation; reuniting using the family; and continuing her missionary work for Jehovah’s Witnesses around the globe. Tina Davies, born March 23, 1921 in Krakow balice, Poland, describes her family members; moving away from Krakow balice; how her father boycotted German goods because he or she was against Hitler; becoming treated okay in school but the undercurrent associated with antisemitism; going back in order to Krakow because her moms and dads thought it would end up being safer; how her dad went with the Crimson Cross east, away through the Germans, and has been eventually found and shot; going to the segregazione; her mother’s refusal to hightail it; being sent to a good extermination camp; escaping with her brother and receiving help from a Polish wooden policeman; never seeing her mother and sister again; her brother getting typhoid fever; working in the cable factory; not becoming able to find her brother after the liquidation in the ghetto; experiencing a new nervous breakdown; liquidation associated with the camp; being sent to Auschwitz; seeing “Work makes you happy” composed on the gate; getting put in Birkenau; being counted every morning; how several committed suicide on electric wires; being tattooed; heading to the fields to be able to dig up cabbages; exactly how fights would break out there over bread portioning plus she was trusted to be able to distribute bread; being required to march in January 1945; marching for 3 times and those who didn’t want to walk were shot; getting placed on open teaches and taken to Belsen; passing Buchenwald, where the lot of dead physiques were taken off the train, mostly men since they weren’t given meals; the violent Ukranians in Belsen; being liberated simply by the British in Apr 1945; getting typhoid fever; going to a medical center; being placed in the displaced persons camps within Belsen and Linerberg; gathering her husband and getting married to him in December 1945; living in England, Hong Kong, and Germany; the girl beliefs that Christians were no good because the killing from the Jews; exactly how she and her husband believed in God nevertheless were not religious; increasing her son as a new Christian under the Cathedral of England; learning regarding Christianity; and pictures this wounderful woman has of her family ahead of the war (she shows these kinds of on the video). Ruth Danner, born December nine, 1933 in eastern Portugal, describes her parents and sister; life before the Germans came; how the girl father converted to the Jehovah’s Witnesses (JW) in 1925 and how her mom resisted until 1929; how her parents helped obtain JW publications, such as the Watchtower, to Germany; her congregation’s activities to help Germans; her experiences in school and trying to maintain the woman faith; the German attack in 1940; how her family refused to function for the Germans; the girl father’s role as typically the leader of their members; having study sessions from home and watching away for the SS while she was outside taking part in; how their home was looked for JW literature and pictures and her mother and father were questioned; being picked up with her family members in the early morning January 28, 1943; becoming taken to an expulsion camp in what is currently Poland; how the get away was filled with personal prisoners; how her mother and father were asked to hint papers renouncing their faith as Jehovah’s Witnesses in addition to their refusal to accomplish this; being nine years old plus being forced to fasten, garden, prepare food, and go shopping for the DURE; not having to decorate special clothing or a purple triangle; having a German bible; standing up in order to the SS and depending on her faith; getting limited food; the home for that pet; how some people had been beaten because they have been not neutral; being liberated by American soldiers 04 20, 1945; going residence to an empty house, since the Germans got sold all their home furniture; slowly getting furniture from neighbors; going back to institution and wanting to master; and the pictures in addition to documents from her mother and father after their imprisonment (she shows these on the particular video).

Charlotte Mueller, created September 25, 1912 within Siebenlehn (part of Großschirma), Germany, describes her mother and father; her older sister, about three younger sisters, and young brother; her education; her parents becoming Jehovah’s Witnesses in 1925; life within 1933 in Chemnitz, Australia, including the various politics movements; the J. T. ‘s communities in Leipzig, Germany; being employed from a factory which was taken over by typically the German Arbeitsfront and refusing to sign up the Arbeitsfront; the J. W. headquarters within Magdeburg, Germany being effective in assisting J. W. h; making the effort00 in a master house in Utrecht, Holland; being arrested in August 1936 by the Gestapo for copying and disseminating the “Watchtower”; receiving a new two year sentence; carrying out agricultural labor while the lady was imprisoned; being released August 23, 1938 and immediately being taken again to Chemnitz for another listening to; refusing to renounce the woman faith; being brought to Lichtenburg concentration camp; being moved to Ravensbruck in May 1939; seeing her sibling; her work assignments; getting put into the “punishment” barrack for refusing to wash a Nazi flag; gathering Jews initially; obtaining reports of the “Watchtower”; becoming the housekeeper in the house of the SS officer in charge of meals provisions for the whole camp; becoming forced to flee together with the family she was serving when the Of that ilk bombing increased; escaping coming from the family and finding J. W. s inside a small town close by; traveling by train coming from Schwerin to Chemnitz; left over an energetic J. W.; being relocated to Maagenburg, where she was to remain until 51; the banning of J. W. in East Philippines in 1951; acting because a courier, carrying J. W. literature from Munich to East Germany; getting arrested and sentenced to be able to eight years in penitentiary; being imprisoned in Waldheim and Halle; obtaining reports of the “Watchtower”; serving a total of 6 years in East German and Russian prisons; and being released two many years early because of serious disease (the last 7-10 minutes of this interview are devoted to the show of many relevant documents and newspaper clippings).

” (a question he says has been designed to identify some other Jehovah’s Witnesses); being sent on a death march towards Dachau in April 1945 as the French crossed the Rhine; becoming turned over to a Wehrmacht paramilitary organization which had own camps; liberation upon April 20, 1945; plus his return to France. Berta Wenzel (née SIndermann, born in 1904) in addition to Gustav Wenzel (born within 1902), both born in Hausdorf, Silesia in far eastern Germany (now Jugów, Poland), discuss becoming Jehovah’s Witnesses (JW) circa 1923; their own daughter who was born in 1923; getting hitched in 1925; Gustav’s job circa 1933 as a coal miner in Hausdorf; attending JW congregations plus beginning to preach coming from house to house within 1934; Berta’s arrest inside 1935 and imprisonment with regard to three months in a new prison in Glatz (now Kłodzko, Poland); Berta’s 2nd arrest in 1937 and imprisonment for 6 months within a prison in Breslau (now Wroclaw, Poland); Berta’s release and work regarding children that protected plus hid her; fleeing in order to Hildesheim, Germany when presently there was a threat of being found by the Gestapo, and returning to Hausdorf when she felt risk-free again; how she continually read the “Watchtower” plus preaches to others; Gustav’s arrest in 1935 for selling a bible and refusing military service; Gustav’s imprisonment for three months inside a prison in Glatz, before he was moved to the Sachsenhausen concentration camp near Berlin; how having been treated relatively well as they was the only miner in addition to explosives expert in the particular camp; the liberation regarding the camp in 1945 and his reunion together with his wife and daughter; in addition to leaving East Germany after the war to live within West Germany, while their particular daughter stayed behind. Friedrich Waldmann (born in 1927), Heinrich (born in 1926), and Johanna (born inside 1922), discuss their siblings and half-siblings; their 1st contact with the Jehovah’s Witnesses in 1923 plus their mother being baptized in 1929, one year after their father perished in a accident; their family’s move around in 1934 to Paderborn, Germany, where their mommy worked in bible schooling for the JW; experiencing being a nuisance from other children because regarding their faith; the arrest and imprisonment of the mother in 1936, from which moment the four children nonetheless living at home (Johanna, Heinrich, Friedrich, and their own younger brother Berthold) have been sent to a Catholic orphanage; the discharge of their mom after nine months in addition to the younger children going back home; Johanna’s move to be able to Bochum, Germany, where the girl worked in a bakery and began to go to be able to secret JW meetings in addition to to distribute the “Watchtower”; the Gestapo arresting Johanna in February 1944 in addition to imprisoning her for 3 months in the Steinwache before she was carried to Ravensbruck in Apr 1944; Johanna’s liberation inside May 1945 and launch one month later, from which time she walked in order to Berlin and secretly surpassed the border to typically the western part of Australia where she found the girl mother and sister; Friedrich, Heinrich and Berthold being taken to a Country wide Socialist Children’s home within 1939, where attempts were made to make them renounce their faith; typically the separation of the kids; Friedrich, who had been forced in order to work for a blacksmith and ran away to be able to his mother in 1940; Friedrich being taken away again and put in order to work in an education home for small children and was later in a position to join Heinrich within Nettelstadt where they the two worked on farms; their particular mother finding Friedrich around the farm in 1945 in addition to taking him home where the majority of the family reunited; and their younger child Berthold who is still lacking.

prisoners; being forced to march during a snowstorm before being sent to be able to Buchenwald; typhus in Buchenwald and being transferred through the little camp, along with so much typhus, towards the larger camp; being really sick when they have been liberated; having reunions together with the people he has been in the camps with; becoming a J. Watts.; and going to Portugal and getting married. Robert Kusserow, born in the year 1931, covers his parents Franz plus Hida Kusserow, who have been Jehovah’s Witnesses (JW); his reminiscences from the period regarding 1933 to 1939; the particular persecution of his mother and father and siblings; experiencing persecution at school; the Gestapo browsing their residence for prohibited JW literature and his father’s arrest; being picked up by the police along with his brother, Hans Werner, in addition to sister, Elizabeth, in 1939 and sent to a new reform school in Dorsten; being transferred with their siblings many months later to be able to a reform school in Nettelstadt and being segregated from each other; typically the repeated attempts to make him renounce his faith and convictions, all associated with which he resisted; residing and working on the farm from 1942-1945, beneath the observation of the local Nazi authorities; being privately baptized in the summer time of 1944; being separated by the arrival of yankee troops in 1945; becoming taken up Wewelsburg by JW; and returning home to be able to the surviving members regarding his family.

Berthold Mewes, born in Paderborn, Philippines, describes how in 1934 the Jehovah’s Witnesses had been banned and their hq were closed; his mom being delivered to the concentration camp Ravensbrück in April 1939; his father getting sent to a penitentiary called Gamazien; his moms and dads hosting underground meetings; becoming nine years old when his father had in order to present him to a new Children’s Aid Society consultant at the railroad station; being sent to experience a foster family; their father refusing to take part in the war and getting sentenced to 12 many years in prison; receiving words from his mother until 1943; living on a farm and attending school; learning to be self-reliant; being mistreated by the kids in school; being dealt with fairly by the foster family and attending church with them; his mother being officially baptized a J. W. inside the camp in addition to re-baptized after her freedom; his mother keeping faith by being to Witnesses; being reunited with his mother and father; and his parents obtaining monetary compensation from the particular German government. Hans Werner Kusserow, born in 1928 in Bochum, Germany, describes his parents, who were both Jehovah’s Witnesses; his ten siblings; his family being exposed to frequent Gestapo house searches after 1933; experiencing trouble with instructors and students in college; being placed with his younger brother in a “reform school” in Dorsten, Philippines in 1939; being taken to Nettelstedt (district in Lübbecke, Germany) and placed within children under the regular observation in the Gestapo; becoming separated from his sibling and finally put in a foster family in Etten (possibly Etten, Netherlands); English troops occupying Etten within 1945; and being in a position to return home in order to his family, where he or she found out that two of his older brothers had been executed. Arie Kaldenberg, born in 1917 in Rotterdam, Netherlands, discusses his mother and father; his siblings; his education and learning and recreational activities; signing up for the Dutch Hervormde Kerk (Dutch Reformed Church) whenever he was 21 many years old; converting to Jehovah’s Witnesses in the wintertime of 1942-1943; resigning his job in ship building and going underground inside December 1943; being arrested early 1944 in Schiedam, Netherlands while engaged in a new bible study; being interrogated at the Gestapo headquarters and refusing to offer the names of other J. W. members; getting imprisoned in Rotterdam upon the Haagsche Veer, where he was held in solitary confinement for about three weeks of his 9 week imprisonment; being delivered to Vught concentration camp; being marched numerous kilometers from a camp around Venlo, Netherlands to Philippines; being sent to Sachsenhausen and life there; becoming assigned to the Waldkommando, which entailed walking by means of farmland; talking about the Holy bible with other inmates; having meetings with other L. W.

Michel Drosdowsky, born in Rome, France, discusses his Russian parents; going to synagogue along with his grandmother and the cathedral together with his father, who was Orthodox; the German occupation of France; proceeding with his Jewish mom to Brittany for a new while before returning in order to the suburbs of Rome; his mother not signing up as a Jew plus not wearing the celebrity; the arrest and deportation of his grandmother, great aunt, and cousin; going into hiding in 1941; getting 14 years old in 1944 and witnessing the murder of people within the streets; his dad finding a job with the American Army; finishing university in 1949 and going to the Sorbonne to become a physician; earning a doctorate in the usa; being the professor at the Batons Medical School; becoming a great atheist after the battle; and becoming a Jehovah’s Experience. Lieselore Dietschi, born June 12, 1922 in Bochum, Germany, describes her parents, who converted to the particular Jehovah’s Witnesses (JW) in the 1920s; how the girl and her sister, Ruth, grew up as JW; how their father was the elder of their spiritual community and his strict standing resulted in repressions in opposition to the family, from 1933; her father entering typically the underground to continue his work In 1935 and the family losing make contact with with him; her family members being closely observed by simply the Gestapo; witnessing the woman mother’s arrest by the particular Gestapo in 1936 in addition to being left alone to care for her sister; exactly how her mother was seriously beaten and returned unable to take care of her children properly; the arrest of her father 1937 in addition to his imprisonment in Berlin until 1942; suffering within school under a Nazi principal, who threatened the woman and her sister about a daily basis, plus cruel students, who despised them for refusing to have the Hitler salute; receiving compensation after the particular war; and being liberated by the arrival regarding U. S. troops in May 1945. Klaas para Vries (born in 1919 in Amsterdam, the Netherlands) and Maria de Vries (born in Waddinxveen, typically the Netherlands in 1912) discuss how Klaas arrived get in touch with with the Jehovah’s Witnesses (JW) in 1930 if he and his family relocated to Rotterdam, the Netherlands; how he and Maria became JW and by 1933 they were involved inside Bible education work; obtaining married in 1937; exactly how a German named Winkler ran the Rotterdam branch; working as pioneers on a ship in upper Holland; working on the particular ship in Groningen, the particular Netherlands when the Germans penetrated; going into hiding; transforming the name of typically the boat from the Light Bearer to Corey; how Klaus was arrested while bringing literature to a new JW in mid-1940; how Maria fled the boat and has been not found by the Gestapo; Klaas’s interrogation in addition to being beaten; how Klaas was sent to a new jail in Leeuwarden, the Netherlands and then transferred to Sachsenhausen; his experience possessing a religious discussion with a Jew on his way to the camp in addition to being put in a labor camp, where they will made bricks and 50 people died a day time; how he got back to the main camp by hiding within load of dead bodies; becoming hospitalized and becoming the particular butler for a German officer, to whom he or she read the Bible every Sunday; how he was sent to work on a ship and preached in order to other inmates and typically the German guards; how he or she was almost hanged regarding helping a hurt man; going on the death march with the other JWs; being liberated; his return to Rotterdam in addition to assignment in Dordrecht, typically the Netherlands; Maria’s arrest and 4 month isolated imprisonment inside a jail; how she has been interrogated and beaten; her deportation to Ravensbrück; being beaten on her very first day there; the problems she experienced; how she was outspoken and obtained many beatings; dancing in addition to crying upon liberation; exactly how she attended a hospital in Gothenburg, Sweden; and being reunited with Klaas. David Davies, born July 4, 1922, describes conference Tina at a dance in a displaced persons camping; his position in the Royal Electrical Mechanical Engineers; becoming a member of as boy soldier in 1937 and apprenticing till he was made lively at the age associated with 18; starting in Northern Scotland during the war, then going to Egypt in 1942; the Struggle at El Alamein; heading to Salerno, Italy, Marseilles, France, Belgium, and Australia; liberation as well as the noisy Russian language Ukrainians; visiting Belsen plus Dachau annually after the liberation; receiving a post with the Defense Ministry inside the British Government; plus his thoughts on those that deny the Holocaust. Typically the United States Holocaust Memorial service Museum, Oral History Branch, in cooperation with Watchtower Bible and Tract Community, Inc. produced the job interview with Johannes Hamann on July 20, 1991.

hans gerd hamann

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