Although these medications do not cause toxicities in high doses, it is imperative to understand their interaction with other medicines, especially in patients on polypharmacy. The dose for antacids depends upon the age of the patient, the purpose of administration (neutralization of acid or off-label use) and the presence of other comorbidities like renal or hepatic impairment. As all the forms of these medications are available as over the counter medication, the dosing recommendation varies by product/and or manufacturer. H2 receptor blockers can be used to treat conditions that cause excess stomach acid.
Some individuals experience diarrhea when using magnesium compounds such as Phillipsâ€™ Milk of Magnesia. For these reasons, many people prefer combination aluminum-magnesium antacids like Maalox and Mylanta that are less likely to cause constipation or diarrhea. Some of these formulas contain simethicone, an anti-foaming agent that helps reduce bloating by breaking down gas bubbles in your stomach. Sodium bicarbonate antacids, including Alka-Seltzer and Bromo Seltzer, contain baking soda. Pregnant women, individuals with high blood pressure and those on salt-restricted diets should avoid this type of antacid.
Acids & Bases
If you are self-treating with this medication, carefully read the package instructions before you start using this product to be sure it is right for you. Some products have similar brand names but different active ingredients with different uses. Taking the wrong product could harm you. Ask your pharmacist if you have any questions about your product or its use.
What happens when an antacid reacts with stomach acid?
Aluminum and magnesium antacids work quickly to lower the acid in the stomach. Liquid antacids usually work faster/better than tablets or capsules. Antacids neutralise the acid made by your stomach.
OTC proton pump inhibitors include Prilosec and Prevacid 24HR. These medications are recommended for people who have heartburn more than two days a week that donâ€™t find relief in the other choices. Proton pump inhibitors are not as fast acting as antacids and H2 blockers, but the relief lasts longer. may cause constipation.
In Rare Cases of Indigestion, Baking Soda May Be a Peril
A person who frequently experiences extreme heartburn may have gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), which can severely damage the esophagus tissue over time. If your heartburn is not relieved with OTC antacids or acid blockers, talk to your doctor. You may have gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) or another condition that may need different treatment. However, antacids still have a place.
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made to see how antacids affect the pH of the stomach acid. What is important about Equation 2 above is that before antacids are added to the stomach, it contains a lot of HCl, but after the antacids are added and react in the stomach, it contains salt, carbon dioxide, and water. The base (the antacid) turns the acid primarily into salt and water.