Free Massage Therapy Flashcards about Digestive System

The solid waste is eliminated through the anus using peristaltic movements of the rectum. A large part of protein digestion takes place in the stomach.

The gallbladder is used to store and recycle excess bile from the small intestine so that it can be reused for the digestion of subsequent meals. The liver is a roughly triangular accessory organ of the digestive system located to the right of the stomach, just inferior to the diaphragm and superior to the small intestine. The liver weighs about 3 pounds and is the second largest organ in the body. The stomach is a muscular sac that is located on the left side of the abdominal cavity, just inferior to the diaphragm.

Before food can be used it has to be broken down into tiny little pieces so it can be absorbed and used by the body. In humans, proteins need to be broken down into amino acids, starches into sugars, and fats into fatty acids and glycerol. The first step in the digestive system can actually begin before the food is even in your mouth.

Also called gall. Radionuclide scanning is a non-invasive screening technique used for locating sites of acute bleeding, especially in the lower GI tract. This procedure

Milk contains yet another type of sugar, lactose, which is changed into absorbable molecules by an enzyme called lactase, also found in the intestinal lining. One of these organs is the pancreas.

The surface is also composed of the hydrophilic phosphate “heads” of phospholipids. Together, they enable the chylomicron to move in an aqueous environment without exposing the lipids to water. Chylomicrons leave the absorptive cells via exocytosis. Chylomicrons enter the lymphatic vessels, and then enter the blood in the subclavian vein. Digestion is the mechanical and chemical break down of food into small organic fragments.

The earlier stages of digestion include passage of food through the esophagus, stomach, and small intestine. As the food travels though these parts of the body, it is broken down by various enzymes into usable nutrients, which are then absorbed across the small intestinal walls into the blood stream. Digestion does not end in the small intestine however, digesta must move onto the next portion of the digestive system to for completion. When the pyloric sphincter valve opens, chyme enters the duodenum where it mixes with digestive enzymes from the pancreas and bile juice from the liver and then passes through the small intestine, in which digestion continues. When the chyme is fully digested, it is absorbed into the blood.

Emesis, or vomiting, is elimination of food by forceful expulsion through the mouth. It is often in response to an irritant that affects the digestive tract, including but not limited to viruses, bacteria, emotions, sights, and food poisoning. This forceful expulsion of the food is due to the strong contractions produced by the stomach muscles.

Insulin sends a signal to the body’s cells to remove glucose from the blood by transporting it into cells and within the cell to use glucose to make energy or for building macromolecules. In the case of muscle tissue and the liver, insulin sends the biological message to store glucose away as glycogen. The presence of insulin in the blood signifies to the body that it has just been fed and to use the fuel.

This is especially important if the birds are to attain the expected productive performance. This page describes the structure and function of the various parts of the digestive system of the fowl and discusses the digestion of poultry food into its constituent nutrients. The metabolism of carbohydrate, fat and protein is closely linked to the digestive system. Bleeding in the gastrointestinal tract doesn’t always mean you have a disease, it’s usually a symptom of a digestive problem. The cause of the bleeding may not be that serious, it could be something that can be cured or controlled such as hemorrhoids.

Diseases of the digestive system

During absorption, the nutrients that come from food (such as proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals) pass through the wall of the small intestine and into the bloodstream and lymph. In this way nutrients can be distributed throughout the rest of the body. In the large intestine there is re absorption of water and absorption of some minerals as feces are formed. The parts of the food that the body passes out through the anus is known as feces.

This article looks at the digestive process and potential digestive problems and recommends ways to improve digestion. Complete digestion of food takes anywhere between 24 to 72 hours and depends on several factors, including the type of food eaten and the presence of digestive issues. Digestion is a process where the body breaks down food into smaller particles to absorb them into the bloodstream.

The cells at the base of these pits are chief cells, responsible for production of pepsinogen, an inactive precursor of pepsin, which degrades proteins. The secretion of pepsinogen prevents self-digestion of the stomach cells.

If it was coming from higher up in the colon or from the small intestine, the blood would be darker. When the blood is coming from the stomach, esophagus, or the duodenum, the stool would be black and tarry. When digestion slows, it turns the intestines into a toxic environment. Helpful organisms cannot live in toxic environments. When the beneficial organisms die they are replaced by harmful organisms, such as yeasts and parasites, the most common being Candida albicans.

the body's process of eliminating indigestible

Leave a Reply